Many US and some Danish scientists believed that the birthplace of the Eskimos was not Europe or Asia, and America, more precisely - the eastern region of North America. For example, the largest US ethnologist F. Boas considered the cradle of the Inuit territory to the west of Hudson Bay and believed to Alaska, and even more so in the Chukotka they came relatively recently. As soon began the systematic study of Alaska and Chukotka archaeologists were discovered ancient Eskimo settlement and burial age of a thousand, two thousand, three thousand years. And a candidate for the right to be considered the cradle of the Eskimos became no America, Asia or Europe, and the region of the Bering Sea - the coast of Chukotka, Alaska and the islands in the sea. This hypothesis is expressed and the Soviet anthropologist MG Levin: in his opinion, "is characteristic of Eskimo anthropological type was formed, apparently, in the Bering Sea region, where it was going and settling on the Arctic coast of America and Greenland."